Measuring Guide for Violin & Viola
Measure in centimeters from the neck to the middle of the palm.
SIZING FOR VIOLNS
Directions for Measuring: With the player’s arm fully extended and parallel to the floor, measure in centimetres from the neck to the middle of the palm.
|SIZE OF VIOLIN||MEASUREMENT (CM)||AVERAGE AGE OF CHILD|
|1/16||35 - 38 CM||3 - 4 YRS|
|1/10||39 - 42 CM||4 - 5 YRS|
|1/8||43 - 46 CM||5 - 6 YRS|
|1/4||47 - 51 CM||6 -7 YRS|
|1/2||52 - 56 CM||7 - 8 YRS|
|3/4||57 - 60 CM||9 - 11 YRS|
|4/4||> 60 CM||11 - 13+ YRS|
SIZING FOR VIOLAS
|SIZE OF VIOLIA||MEASUREMENT (CM)|
|12"||53 - 55 CM|
|13"||55 - 59 CM|
|14"||59 - 63 CM|
|15"||63 - 65 CM|
|15" 1/2||65 - 67 CM|
SIZING FOR CELLOS
Directions for Measuring: Sizing cellos is slightly more complicated than sizing violins and violas. The student should be seated at the edge of a chair such that the knees are bent at a ninety-degree angle (feet flat on the floor). The upper edge (back of cello near where the neck joins the body) of the instrument should rest in the centre of the chest (on the sternum) and the C peg should be slightly behind the left ear. The knees should lightly grip the lower bouts ensuring that the corners do not dig into the side of legs. (Corners should be slightly above the inside of the knees). The student should be able to reach both ends of the fingerboard with ease. The chart below shows approximate sizing by age.
Note: 7/8 size cellos are available as well. This can be a useful transitional size or a more comfortable option for those players who prefer a slightly smaller instrument.
|SIZE OF CELLO||AGE OF CHILD|
|1/10||4 - 5 YRS|
|1/8||5 - 6 YRS|
|1/4||6 - 8 YRS|
|1/2||8 - 10 YRS|
|3/4||10 - 12 YRS|
|4/4||12 - 13+ YRS|
SIZING FOR DOUBLE BASSES
Directions for Measuring: The 3/4 size double bass is the standard size for adults. 7/8 size basses and 4/4 sizes basses are made but they are less commonly used.
As a rough guideline, when both the bass and the player are standing upright, the bridge should be approximately at the same height as the large knuckles of the student's right hand. The most important issue is that the instrument is comfortable and that the student can reach the higher registers of the fingerboard without difficulty.
The chart below shows approximate sizing by age.
|SIZE OF BASS||AGE OF CHILD|
|1/16||3 - 4 YRS|
|1/10||4 - 5 YRS|
|1/8||5 - 7 YRS|
|1/4||7 - 9 YRS|
|1/2||9 - 13 YRS|
The accent here is on playing for pleasure.
Easy to sight-read or put together in a short time.
Adagio from Clarinet Concerto - Mozart
Amazing grace - Traditional American melody
Andante from Violin Concerto - Mendelssohn
Blow the wind southerly - Traditional English melody
Canon in D - Johann Pachelbel
Come, landlord, fill the flowing bowl - Traditional Scottish student song
Daisy, Daisy - Harry Dacre
Dance to your daddy - Traditional Northumbrian melody
Dick's maggot From John Playford's The Dancing Master
Donkey riding - Traditional Canadian melody
Evening prayer from Hansel and Gretel - Engelbert Humperdinck
Flower duet from Lakme - Leo Delibes
Hallelujah chorus from Messiah - George Frideric Handel
Hornpipe from Water Music - George Frideric Handel
I do like to be beside the seaside - John A. Glover-Kind
J'ai du bon tabac - Traditional French melody
La donna e mobile - Verdi
Linstead Market - Traditional Jamaican melody
Little brown jug - Joseph Winner
Lullaby - Brahms
Mango walk - Traditional Jamaican melody
Minuet in G - Beethoven
Nearer, my God, to thee - Mason
Prelude from Te Deum - Charpentier
Rule, Brittania - Arne
Soldier, soldier - Traditional English melody
Still, still, still (Hush, hush, hush) - Traditional Austrian melody
Swing low - Spiritual
The ash grove - Traditional Welsh melody
The British grenadiers - Traditional English melody
This jazzy old man - Adapted from a traditional English melody
Waltzing Matilda - Marie Cowan